[36] The Aldabra giant tortoise now populates many of the islands of Seychelles; the Aldabra population is the largest remaining. Particularly well known is the coco de mer, a species of palm that grows only on the islands of Praslin and neighbouring Curieuse. [37] More than 1,000 species of fish have been recorded. As the islands of the Seychelles had no indigenous population, the current Seychellois descend from people who immigrated, of which the largest ethnic groups were those of African, French, Indian and Chinese origin. The fate of Air Seychelles has been of interest in the region and farther afield. It is believed that famous pirate Olivier Levasseur hid a treasure worth more than $160,000 that remains unfound. In addition to these 155 islands as per the Constitution of Seychelles there are 7 reclaimed islands: Ile Perseverance, Ile Aurore, Romainville, Eden Island, Eve, Ile du Port and Ile Soleil. Here are eight fascinating facts about this incredible archipelago in the Indian Ocean. distant from the east coast of Africa while the low-lying coralline cays, atolls and reef islands of the Outer Islands lie mainly beyond the plateau up to 10° south of the equator. The Seychelles today is known for success stories in protecting its flora and fauna. Rooted in African, Malagasy and European cultures, music is played to the accompaniment of drums such as the Tambour and Tam-Tam and simple string instruments. 7. In Mauritius, the newspaper L’Express has raised the question of a possible privatisation of the airline. Thus the Gran blan ("big whites") of French origin dominated economic and political life. Since independence in 1976, per capita output has expanded to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level. Ambassador to Seychelles David Fischer, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Southern African Development Coordination Conference, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seychelles&oldid=995973809, English-speaking countries and territories, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, States and territories established in 1976, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: World Meteorological Organization, Source 2: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Chicken dishes, such as chicken curry and, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 21:28. Until 1971, when the first Seychelloise airport came into action, local economy was largely based on the agriculture with buttocks-like coconuts - coco de mer - being one of major crops there. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seychelles The public school system consists of 23 crèches, 25 primary schools and 13 secondary schools. Concierge Recommends: Seychelles. There are 13 coral islands in the Farquhar Group, south-southwest of the Amirantes: Farquhar Atoll (comprising 10 islands—Bancs de Sable, Déposés, Île aux Goëlettes, Lapins, Île du Milieu, North Manaha, South Manaha, Middle Manaha, North Island and South Island), Providence Atoll (comprising two islands—Providence and Bancs Providence) and St Pierre. It is believed that famous pirate Olivier Levasseur hid a treasure worth more than $160,000 that remains unfound. Seychelles' previous president France Albert René came to power after his supporters overthrew the first president James Mancham on 5 June 1977 in a coup d'état and installed him as president. In the 1980s there were a series of coup attempts against President René, some of which were supported by South Africa. An island nation, Seychelles is located in the Somali Sea segment of the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar and about 1,600 km (994 mi) east of Kenya. The archipelago consists of 116 islands spread over 1 million km² of the western Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar , with a total land area of 444 km², making the island nation just about the size of Andorra , or 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC . Sometimes nicknamed the "love nut" because the shape of its "double" coconut resembles buttocks, the coco-de-mer produces the world's heaviest seed. Other unique plant species include Wright's gardenia (Rothmannia annae) found only on Aride Island Special Reserve. But what makes the islands famous and so popular with tourists? Creole cuisine that is found easily all over the islands is delicious … [69], Left: Seychelles paradise-flycatcher; right: bird flocks on Bird Island Seychelles. Nowadays, Seychellois Creole is often laced with English words and phrases. The main daily newspaper is the Seychelles Nation, dedicated to local government views and current affairs and topics. Broadcasts run between 3 pm and 11:30 pm on weekdays and longer hours during the weekends. [61] Unwed mothers are the societal norm, and the law requires fathers to support their children. Seychelles was the land of pirates, in particular Anse Forbans (Pirate’s Cove) on Mahé Island and Côte d’Or on Praslin. He also served as the Leader of the Opposition from 1998 to 2011 and 2016 to 2020. The home turf of the team is the Stade Linité stadium with a 10,000 capacity located in Roche Caiman, Victoria Seychelles. Since the worldwide economic crises of 2008, the Seychelles government has prioritised a curbing of the budget deficit, including the containment of social welfare costs and further privatisation of public enterprises. The 1979 constitution declared a socialist one-party state, which lasted until 1991. By law, all beaches in Seychelles are public property. It has been a member of Commonwealth. Wildlife is also a significant attraction on the island country. The Seychellois Creole is the leading ethnic group of Seychelles, accounting for 76,000 members of the population. From 1979 to 1981, the United States and South Africa were involved in the failed 1981 coup attempt. At St Joseph Atoll, Banc de Sable and Pelican Island have also eroded, while Grand Carcassaye and Petit Carcassaye have merged to form one island. The Seychelles president, who is head of state and head of government, is elected by popular vote for a five-year term of office. The hot months are from December to April, with higher humidity (80%). [42], When the British gained control of the islands during the Napoleonic Wars, they allowed the French upper class to retain their land. In 1965, during a three-month visit to the islands, futurist Donald Prell prepared for the then-crown colony Governor General an economic report containing a scenario for the future of the economy. Seychellois society is essentially matriarchal. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}4°35′S 55°40′E / 4.583°S 55.667°E / -4.583; 55.667, – in Africa (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union (light blue), Seychelles (/seɪˈʃɛlz/ (listen); French: [sɛʃɛl][5][6][7] or [seʃɛl][8]), officially the Republic of Seychelles (French: République des Seychelles; Creole: La Repiblik Sesel), is an archipelagic island country in the Indian Ocean at the eastern edge of the Somali Sea. Other political parties operate other papers such as Regar. The Indians, like a similar minority of Chinese, were confined to a merchant class.[43]. The majority of the islands are uninhabited, with many dedicated as nature reserves. Seychelles largest island Mahe is located at a distance of 835 mi (1,344 km), from Mogadishu, Somalia's capital over the Somali Sea.[30]. Numerous Seychellois are considered multiracial: blending from African, Asian and European descent to create a modern creole culture. The Seychelles national football team is controlled by the Seychelles Football Federation (SFF). © Copyright 2020 Lets Travel More. The earliest recorded landing was in January 1609, by the crew of the Ascension under Captain Alexander Sharpeigh during the fourth voyage of the British East India Company. Their main languages are Seychellois Creole of the French language, French and English. Ramkalawan was an opposition MP from 1993 to 2011 and 2016 to 2020. The rare Seychelles black parrot, the national bird of the country, is now protected. It is the smallest African state in terms of population at 95,601 thousand (2019). Seychelles Geo Superlatives. [27], Seychelles is a member of the African Union (AU), the francophone Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), La Francophonie, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Commonwealth. The Catholic and Anglican churches opened mission schools in 1851. Despite huge disparities across nations,[citation needed] Seychelles claims to have achieved nearly all of its Millennium Development Goals. High on the ‘look-out list’ for nature lovers are the hawksbill and green turtles, Aldabra giant tortoises, and Seychelles paradise flycatchers. The temperature varies little throughout the year. The freshwater crab genus Seychellum is endemic to the granitic Seychelles, and a further 26 species of crabs and five species of hermit crabs live on the islands. History. During the plantation era, cinnamon, vanilla and copra were the chief exports. Seychelles is the right place to visit if you want to see unique endemic species. Known for their rich marine life and nature reserves, the Seychelles are home to more than 2,000 species of plants, more than 1,000 species of fish and the largest population of Aldabra giant tortoises in … Let us enlighten you with Seychelles\' places to visit, Seychelles dining, shopping, and culture. Painters have traditionally taken inspiration from the richness of Seychelles’ natural beauty to produce a wide range of works using mediums ranging from water-colours to oils, acrylics, collages, metals, aluminium, wood, fabrics, gouache, varnishes, recycled materials, pastels, charcoal, embossing, etching, and giclee prints. The violin and guitar are relatively recent foreign imports which play a prominent role in today's music. Britain eventually assumed full control upon the surrender of Mauritius in 1810, formalised in 1814 at the Treaty of Paris. The lively Sega dance with its elegant hip-swaying and shuffling of the feet is still popular as is the traditional Moutya, a mysterious, dance dating back to the days of slavery when it was often used as an outlet for strong emotions and as a way of expressing discontent. Oil and gas imports, distribution and re-export are the responsibility of Seychelles Petroleum (Sepec), while oil exploration is the responsibility of the Seychelles National Oil Company (SNOC). There are no refining capacities on the islands. [citation needed], Their government's Seychelles Climate Guide describes the nation's climate as rainy, with a dry season with an ocean economy in the ocean regions. When it comes to foo… [32], During the coolest months, July and August, the average low is about 24 °C (75 °F). The Southeast Trades is on the decline but still fairly strong. Seychelles is divided into twenty-six administrative regions comprising all of the inner islands. Both the French and British settlers used enslaved Africans, and although the British prohibited slavery in 1835, African workers continued to come. Its capital and largest city, Victoria, lies 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) east of mainland Africa. The Seychelles is the least populated country of the African continent. It is the first African country with an HDI score exceeding 0.800, and therefore the only country in the continent with a very high Human Development Index. The climate is equable although quite humid, as the islands are small,[31] classified by Köppen-Geiger system as tropical rain forest (Af). Another 14 districts are considered the rural part of the main island of Mahé with two districts on Praslin and one on La Digue which also includes respective satellite islands. In Operation Flowers are Blooming, the Indian naval vessel Vindhyagiri arrived in Port Victoria to help avert the coup.[19]. The primary political parties are the ruling socialist People's Party (PP), known until 2009 as the Seychelles People's Progressive Front (SPPF) now called United Seychelles (US), and the socially liberal Seychelles National Party (SNP). The administration launched plans to open a university in an attempt to slow down the brain drain that has occurred. The tall granite, Inner Islands cluster mainly within the relatively shallow Seychelles' plateau, 4° south of the equator and roughly 1800 km. Food in Seychelles Food of the Seychelles predictably reflects the ethnic diversity on the island. Seychelles is known for its lively island culture and outdoor activities. There are also imported English and French language television programmes imported on Seychellois terrestrial television and international satellite television has grown rapidly in recent years. Things to Do in Seychelles, Africa: See Tripadvisor's 174,142 traveler reviews and photos of Seychelles tourist attractions. 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