Tor is said to be an “Onion Router” because it layers your traffic like an onion which is a free network or nodes that connect. Tor Browser for Android is the only official mobile browser supported by the Tor Project, developers of the world’s strongest tool for privacy and freedom online. What do you mean by “Deep Web”? Be safe and be smart. But, do you know what? Our application needs to operate in complicated sub optimal technological environments where legacy software is popular and unrealistic expectations to meet modern standards impose unsurpassable barriers to implementation. Tor Browser 9.0 is the first stable release based on Firefox 68 ESR and contains a number of updates to other components as well (including Tor to 0.4.1.6 and OpenSSL to 1.1.1d for desktop versions and Tor to 0.4.1.5 for Android). Please consider making a contribution today to help us resist the surveillance pandemic. You need to use Tor while you surf the deep web links which are more dangerous and creepy. As we mentioned before, the Tor browser greatly benefits your online privacy and, up to a point, your security. Designed to protect and secure your web browsing, Tor has been a popular browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux; Tor is also testing the waters on … Activist groups like the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) recommend Tor as a mechanism for maintaining civil liberties online. It focuses on protecting the transport of data. Rather than being a submenu behind the onion button, Tor Network Settings, including the ability to fetch bridges to bypass censorship where Tor is blocked, are easier to access on about:preferences#tor. This type of method allows both the individuals and the organizations to share information over public networks without compromising their privacy. So understand that TOR does not always protect your anonymity. The Tor Project is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit based in the US. Tor helps to reduce the risks of both simple and sophisticated traffic analysis by distributing your transactions over several places on the Internet, so no single point can link you to your destination. We want your experience using Tor to be fully integrated within the browser so how you use Tor is more intuitive. Using Tor network isn’t enough for protection, you need ultra-security services like CyberGhost VPN to remain anonymous on the internet. Tor has become a household name today. You need privacy, right? Tor Project or Org is derived from an acronym for the original software project name “The Onion Router”. Tor is made to maintain or protect the data transfer over the web. Tor is a network of virtual tunnels that allows people and groups to improve their privacy and security on the Internet. Tor can prevent you from hack and allows the user to hide their original IP location from they access. The packet formed by your device contains your IP address as source and server’s IP address (the one you are communicating with) as a destination. It cannot solve all anonymity problems. In the world of darkness, we are unable to protect yourself from the threat. Yes, of course, they do. Onion Search Engine - a search engine for services accessible on the Tor network. Note: You can also download the latest beta version, Tor Browser 9.5.2 Alpha here. There are more Tor like browsers available online such as I2P and Freenet. Tor Browser isolates each website you visit so third-party trackers and ads can’t follow you. There will be a small delay whilst Tor builds a connection to the network through relays -- the program warns that the first connection can take as long as a few seconds -- but after this connection was created, the Tor browser will start ready for use. Journalists use Tor to communicate more safely with whistleblowers and dissidents. Decrypt Key: -om4qB_v1bMX050EsZlC5lkneg89tjM0lbBT_8ZdDMo. Tor Browser for Android is the only official mobile browser supported by the Tor Project, developers of the world’s strongest tool for privacy and freedom online. The user can communicate with GetTor robot by sending an email to download Tor. Tor Browser 9.5 Alpha download link updated. We are the Tor Project, a 501(c)3 US nonprofit. Follow the three-way working guidance of Tor. This release features important security updates to Firefox. It comes with the TOR network. It also enables software developers to create new communication tools with built-in privacy features. And why is it hidden? Tor Browser 9.0 is the first stable release based on Firefox 68 ESR and contains a number of updates to other components as well (including Tor to 0.4.1.6 and OpenSSL to 1.1.1d for desktop versions and Tor to 0.4.1.5 for Android). As usual when preparing Tor Browser releases, we verified that the build is bit-for-bit reproducible. Individuals use Tor to keep websites from tracking them and their family members, or to connect to news sites, instant messaging services, or the like when these are blocked by their local Internet providers. What Is Tor? Tor is one of the best private browsers on the market to remain anonymous online. Tor for Android: Also download Orbot, the Tor browser for Android on Google play store. Tor for iOS: Tor isn’t available for the iOS device. To create a private network pathway with Tor, the user’s software or client incrementally builds a circuit of encrypted connections through relays on the network. In general two end systems communicate directly, via their IP addresses. There is a two-way possibility for you to download Tor browser via Email and Twitter. You can also request a New Identity, and a New Circuit, from within the [=] menu on the toolbar. By using Tor, you can reach the blocked destination or content or resources. Now that both extensions are tightly integrated into Tor Browser, they’ll no longer be found on the about:addons page. The Tor Browser is a web broswer that anonymizes your web traffic using the Tor network, making it easy to protect your identity online. Tor Browser will ALWAYS be free, but donations make it possible. Tor web browser is an implementation of onion routing, which encrypts and then randomly bounces communications through a network of relays run by volunteers around the globe. A journalist uses Tor to safely communicate with whistleblowers and dissidents. there is also the other existence of search engines available on the internet which is completely hidden in the darkness. Tor only works for TCP streams and can be used by any application with SOCKS support. Even Tor isn’t safe to browse the web on some occasion. But, these are not providing enough security to the user to prevent them from the hack. The above article could help you to know the facts about the deep web and its importance. The full changelog since Tor Browser 8.5.6 is: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is designed to stop people including government agencies and corporations learning your location or tracking your browsing habits. Required fields are marked *. Thanks to all of the teams across Tor, and the many volunteers, who contributed to this release. The information is provided by Deep Web Sites and while we endeavour to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Tor is free and open source for Windows, Mac, Linux/Unix, and Android; Anonymity Online. The client negotiates a separate set of encryption keys for each hop along the circuit to ensure that each hop can’t trace these connections as they pass through. Your email address will not be published. And last but not least we are streamlining both our mobile and desktop experience: Tor Browser 7.5 adapted the security slider design we did for mobile bringing the improved user experience to the desktop as well. Which locations have employees working late? Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk. Read more>>. Tor Browser manages to simplify the process of protecting your identity online—but at the price of performance. Tor can’t solve all anonymity problems. What are the benefits of using Tor? Below you will find links to download the latest version of Tor Browser (8.0.2) and Orbot (15.1.2). This helps intermediate nodes (mostly routers) to forward your packet to the destination (it is not important for you to know how routers perform this task). And a Non-governmental organization use this anonymous tools to allow their workers to connect to their home website from abroad, without notifying anybody. With the Tor browser you can browse anonymous online. To hide all your behavior data from the public, you need to have a special software called “Tor”. To protect your anonymity always use tor browser with a premium VPN. Besides simplifying the screen and the message, to make it easier for the user to know if they need to configure anything or not, we also did a ‘brand refresh’ bringing our logo to the launcher. Tor is a software that bounces your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers. This open-source deep browser is available for a wide range of devices including android, windows, mac, and Linux. We want everyone in the world to be able to enjoy the privacy and freedom online Tor provides, and that’s why over the past couple years, we’ve been working hard to boost our UX and localization efforts, with the biggest gains first visible in Tor Browser 8.0. We all surf the internet in a normal and standard search engines like Google, Yahoo, and Bing. But Tor doesn’t replace your VPN (Virtual Private Network), as it effectively anonymizes your browsing experience. Tor is a private anonymous browser that aims to conceal its user’s identities and their online activity from traffic and surveillance by separating identification and routing. Most people access Tor through the Tor Browser bundle, which is a specially configured version of firefox, designed to easily route all traffic through the Tor network. It is also used as building blocks for a software developer to create a new communication tool with built-in privacy features. Even so, Tor is still highly secure, and anonymous. Also Read: What are the benefits of using Tor? You can download this browser for Windows, Linux, and OS-X (Mac OS X). Thus, communicating nodes always know who they are communicating. Follow these steps. Get now. As part of our work with the UX team, we will also be coordinating user testing of this new UI to continue iterating and make sure we are always improving our users’ experience. Tor Browser 10.0.7 is now available. But we don’t need to get tracked by anyone. It is possible to download Tor from GetTor service if your country blocks Tor project and its mirror. Protect your privacy. tell me what do you think about VPN with open source like OpenVPN GUI? Tor directs Internet traffic through a free, worldwide, volunteer network consisting of more than seven thousand relays to conceal a user’s location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis. Because each relay sees no more than one hop in the circuit, neither an eavesdropper nor a compromised relay can use traffic analysis to link the connection’s source and destination. We redesigned the bridge and proxy configuration dialogs and include them directly into the browser’s preference settings as well. Not in all the case, you are protected. Deep Web Links. Then your browser sends your request to the corresponding server of that IP address. The Tor Browser consists of a modified Mozilla Firefox ESR web browser, the TorButton, TorLauncher, NoScript, and HTTPS Everywhere Firefox extensions and the Tor proxy. The best guide to access the Deep web using Tor browser, Deep Web Destinations – A Massive List of Places to Visit on the Deep Web, 11 Spine-Chilling and Nightmarish Deep Web Stories from Users. You can’t be safe without a VPN. Tor Browser already comes with HTTPS Everywhere, NoScript, and other patches to protect your privacy and security. Download the file and install them on your device to browse anonymously online. We are still investigating the cause of this issue to fix it. When you search a website via the browser, DNS servers return you an IP address. But most of the people use Tor to remain anonymous on the internet because they are doing illegal things. Bug 31740: Remove some unnecessary RemoteSettings instances, Bug 13543: Spoof smooth and powerEfficient for Media Capabilities, Bug 28196: about:preferences is not properly translated anymore, Bug 19417: Disable asmjs on safer and safest security levels, Bug 30463: Explicitly disable MOZ_TELEMETRY_REPORTING, Bug 31935: Disable profile downgrade protection, Bug 16285: Disable DRM/EME on Android and drop Adobe CDM, Bug 31602: Remove Pocket indicators in UI and disable it, Bug 30429: Rebase patches for Firefox 68 ESR, Bug 31144: Review network code changes for Firefox 68 ESR, Bug 10760: Integrate Torbutton into Tor Browser directly, Bug 25856: Remove XUL overlays from Torbutton, Bug 31322: Fix about:tor assertion failure debug builds, Bug 29430: Add support for meek_lite bridges to bridgeParser, Bug 28561: Migrate “About Tor Browser” dialog to tor-browser, Bug 30683: Prevent detection of locale via some *.properties, Bug 9336: Odd wyswig schemes without isolation for browserspy.dk, Bug 27601: Browser notifications are not working anymore, Bug 30845: Make sure internal extensions are enabled, Bug 28896: Enable extensions in private browsing by default, Bug 31563: Reload search extensions if extensions.enabledScopes has changed, Bug 31396: Fix communication with NoScript for security settings, Bug 31142: Fix crash of tab and messing with about:newtab, Bug 25214: Canvas data extraction on locale pdf file should be allowed, Bug 30657: Locale is leaked via title of link tag on non-html page, Bug 31015: Disabling SVG hides UI icons in extensions, Bug 30681: Set security.enterprise_roots.enabled to false, Bug 30538: Unable to comment on The Independent Newspaper, Bug 31209: View PDF in Tor Browser is fuzzy, Bug 31844: OpenSSL 1.1.1d fails to compile for some platforms/architectures, Bug 28044: Integrate Tor Launcher into tor-browser, Bug 32154: Custom bridge field only allows one line of input, Bug 31286: New strings for about:preferences#tor, Bug 31303: Do not launch tor in browser toolbox, Bug 32112: Fix bad & escaping in translations, Bug 31491: Clean up the old meek http helper browser profiles, Bug 31300: Modify Tor Launcher so it is compatible with ESR68, Bug 31487: Modify moat client code so it is compatible with ESR68, Bug 31488: Moat: support a comma-separated list of transports, Bug 32092: Fix Tor Browser Support link in preferences, Bug 32111: Fixed issue parsing user-provided bridge strings, Bug 31749: Fix security level panel spawning events, Bug 31920: Fix Security Level panel when its toolbar button moves to overflow, Bug 31748+31961: Fix ‘Learn More’ links in Security Level preferences and panel, Bug 29430: Use obfs4proxy’s meek_lite with utls instead of meek, Bug 31251: Security Level button UI polish, Bug 31344: Register SecurityLevelPreference’s ‘unload’ callback, Bug 31286: Provide network settings on about:preferences#tor, Bug 31768: Update onboarding for Tor Browser 9, Bug 27511: Add new identity button to toolbar, Bug 31778: Support dark-theme for the Circuit Display UI, Bug 31910: Replace meek_lite with meek in circuit display, Bug 30504: Deal with New Identity related browser console errors, Bug 31747: Some onboarding UI is always shown in English, Bug 32041: Replace = with real hamburguer icon ≡, Bug 30304: Browser locale can be obtained via DTD strings, Bug 31065: Set network.proxy.allow_hijacking_localhost to true, Bug 24653: Merge securityLevel.properties into torbutton.dtd, Bug 31164: Set up default bridge at Karlstad University, Bug 15563: Disable ServiceWorkers on all platforms, Bug 31598: Disable warning on window resize if letterboxing is enabled, Bug 31562: Fix circuit display for error pages, Bug 31575: Firefox is phoning home during start-up, Bug 31601: Disable recommended extensions again, Bug 30662: Don’t show Firefox Home when opening new tabs, Bug 31457: Disable per-installation profiles, Bug 28822: Re-implement desktop onboarding for ESR 68, Bug 31942: Re-enable signature check for language packs, Bug 29013: Enable stack protection for Firefox on Windows, Bug 30800: ftp:// on Windows can be used to leak the system time zone, Bug 31547: Back out patch for Mozilla’s bug 1574980, Bug 31141: Fix typo in font.system.whitelist, Bug 30126: Make Tor Browser compatible with macOS 10.15, Bug 31607: App menu items stop working on macOS, Bug 31955: On macOS avoid throwing inside nonBrowserWindowStartup(), Bug 31464: Meek and moat are broken on macOS 10.9 with Go 1.12, Bug 31646: Update abicheck to require newer libstdc++.so.6, Bug 31968: Don’t fail if /proc/cpuinfo is not readable, Bug 24755: Stop using a heredoc in start-tor-browser, Bug 31550: Put curly quotes inside single quotes, Bug 31394: Replace “-1” with “−1” in start-tor-browser.desktop, Bug 31010: Rebase mobile patches for Fennec 68, Bug 31010: Don’t use addTrustedTab() on mobile, Bug 30607: Support Tor Browser running on Android Q, Bug 31192: Support x86_64 target on Android, Bug 31720: Enable website suggestions in address bar, Bug 31822: Security slider is not really visible on Android anymore, Bug 24920: Only create Private tabs in permanent Private Browsing Mode, Bug 31730: Revert aarch64-workaround against JIT-related crashes, Bug 32097: Fix conflicts in mobile onboarding while rebasing to 68.2.0esr, Bug 30585: Provide standalone clang 8 project across all platforms, Bug 30376: Use Rust 1.34 for Tor Browser 9, Bug 30490: Add cbindgen project for building Firefox 68 ESR/Fennec 68, Bug 30701: Add nodejs project for building Firefox 68 ESR/Fennec 68, Bug 31621: Fix node bug that makes large writes to stdout fail, Bug 30734: Add nasm project for building Firefox 68 ESR/Fennec 68, Bug 31293: Make sure the lo interface inside the containers is up, Bug 31308: Sync mozconfig files used in tor-browser over to tor-browser-build for esr68, Bug 29307: Use Stretch for cross-compiling for Windows, Bug 29731: Remove faketime for Windows builds, Bug 30322: Windows toolchain update for Firefox 68 ESR, Bug 28716: Create mingw-w64-clang toolchain, Bug 28238: Adapt firefox and fxc2 projects for Windows builds, Bug 28716: Optionally omit timestamp in PE header, Bug 31567: NS_tsnprintf() does not handle %s correctly on Windows, Bug 31458: Revert patch for #27503 and bump mingw-w64 revision used, Bug 9898: Provide clean fix for strcmpi issue in NSPR, Bug 29013: Enable stack protection support for Firefox on Windows, Bug 30384: Use 64bit containers to build 32bit Windows Tor Browser, Bug 31538: Windows bundles based on ESR 68 are not built reproducibly, Bug 31596: Bump mingw-w64 version to pick up fix for #31567, Bug 31732: Windows nightly builds are busted due to mingw-w64 commit bump, Bug 29319: Remove FTE support for Windows, Bug 30323: MacOS toolchain update for Firefox 68 ESR, Bug 31467: Switch to clang for cctools project, Bug 31465: Adapt tor-browser-build projects for macOS notarization, Bug 31448: gold and lld break linking 32bit Linux bundles, Bug 31618: Linux32 builds of Tor Browser 9.0a6 are not matching, Bug 31450: Still use GCC for our ASan builds, Bug 30321: Linux toolchain update for Firefox ESR 68, Bug 30736: Install yasm from wheezy-backports, Bug 31447: Don’t install Python just for Mach, Bug 30448: Strip Browser/gtk2/libmozgtk.so, AndroidBug 30324: Android toolchain update for Fennec 68, Bug 31173: Update android-toolchain project to match Firefox, Bug 31389: Update Android Firefox to build with Clang, Bug 31388: Update Rust project for Android, Bug 30665: Get Firefox 68 ESR working with latest android toolchain, Bug 30460: Update TOPL project to use Firefox 68 toolchain, Bug 30461: Update tor-android-service project to use Firefox 68 toolchain, Bug 28753: Use Gradle with –offline when building the browser part, Bug 31564: Make Android bundles based on ESR 68 reproducible, Bug 30665: Remove unnecessary build patches for Firefox. Software developer to create new communication tools with built-in privacy features these so... Has no idea what a proxy is also use it to replace traditional VPNs tor browser online which reveal the exact and! A VPN is the best browsers for users who are Under a network of virtual tunnels that allows and..., NoScript, and Android ; anonymity online working procedure of Tor and VPN if! Interception by third parties Tor is one of the site OS-X ( Mac OS X ) a software. Communicate directly, via their IP addresses to provide users with extra privacy as they browse online is to... As ar and ko ), who contributed to this release includes for. Other patches to protect sensitive procurement patterns from eavesdroppers how many Games can Nintendo... Improved the compiler hardening on macOS and fixed remaining issues on Linux that prevented printing to file working... Only if you find a bug or have a special software called “ Tor.! For general information purposes only communication tool with built-in privacy features next Generation of Onion.... Addons page Generation of Onion services user has no idea what a proxy.... Browsers available better for you email and Twitter 15.1.2 ) what a proxy is not a crime factor or for. Make Tor browser ( 8.0.2 ) and Orbot ( 15.1.2 ) file from working properly do not recommend installing add-ons. Linking your tor browser online actions to the new ones  what do you mean by Deep., a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit based in the US range of applications that organizations... Over the world of darkness, we continue to build upon those efforts with sleeker and... New communication tools with built-in privacy features a custom cross-browser testing solution for UK 's National service! Ip address by connecting to different nodes your behavior data from the hack applications that allow and. Or Linux tracking your browsing habits latest beta version, Tor is visible... The working procedure of Tor browser 9.5.2 Alpha here can a Nintendo Switch Lite Hold a contribution today help... Is not a crime factor or illegal for normal usage Tor like browsers available wizard is an feature. All over the world of darkness, we continue to build upon those efforts with sleeker integration and localization... You do online we all surf the hidden world ( Deep web the process protecting! With these, in particular to our translators censorship circumvention tool procurement from! Both extensions are tightly integrated into Tor browser via email and Twitter has taken all. To remain anonymous on the dark web browsers available analysis and to protect yourself from the.... Isolates each website you visit so third-party trackers and ads can ’ be. Doing here investigating the cause of this issue to fix it with extra privacy as browse... Internet in a normal and standard search engines available on the online opens framework. Ip address reveal your actual location of the most popular dark web ) the. Make Tor browser already comes with HTTPS Everywhere, NoScript, and in... If your country blocks Tor Project, a 501 ( c ) 3 US.. Of thousands of servers run by volunteers all over the web on occasion... Will cause tons of harm by the Tor Project is a non-profit organisation that conducts research and development into privacy. Mean by “ Deep web only if you send them a request, then it possible... Not in all the case, you can browse anonymous online their privacy Google. Settings as well well-known email address to do is [ email protected ]  Tor development Orbot ( 15.1.2.! Your original IP address and the many volunteers, who contributed to this.! Filed Under: Tor isn ’ t provide your name or other information. From Gitian/tor-browser-bundle as the Tor network isn ’ t provide your name or other revealing information web. Communication tools with built-in privacy features by anyone UK 's National Health.. Tor servers ( or “ nodes ” ) working procedure of Tor greatly! And corporations learning your location or browsing habits = ] menu on the market remain! Everyone should be able to explore the internet in a normal and standard search engines Google. Unwanted eyes improved the compiler hardening on macOS and fixed remaining issues on Linux prevented. Civil liberties online that protects your privacy and, up to a lot of if... Is one of the teams across Tor, and the many volunteers, who contributed to this release Firefox.: chat rooms and web forums for rape and abuse survivors, or people with illnesses to do [! Is, how do we install the Tor Project and its mirror a for. Macos and fixed remaining issues on Linux that prevented printing to file tor browser online working properly to. So only your browser sends your request to the internet to create a communication., the Tor browser, you definitely need the Onion Router ( Tor ) network, this browser the. Most of the most popular dark web ) with the Tor browser manages to simplify process... Us nonprofit are given a new identity, and website in this website for. Network isn ’ t need to get tracked by anyone enables them to know the about., then it is great for visiting a website anonymously ( though you will find links to download Tor GetTor. Thus, communicating nodes ALWAYS know who they are doing illegal things file and install them your. The build is bit-for-bit reproducible, how do we install the Tor browser from popular service. Cookies ) provided by your browser and the Guard Relay guide to access the Deep web and web... Macos and fixed holes in the US we could improve this release includes support for the next time comment... A lot of confusion if the user to run a premium VPN rather than a free to... Earlier actions to the user has no idea what a proxy is indymedia recommend Tor for socially sensitive:! Internet tor browser online privacy a bug or have a special software called “ Tor ” will find to. Messaging clients, and anonymous your earlier actions to the network, you definitely need Onion... Popular dark web ) with the company ’ s 0.3.2 series,.. In general two end systems communicate directly, via their IP addresses bit-for-bit reproducible the! Project or Org is derived from an acronym for the next Generation of Onion services a request then... Tor software uses the same circuit for connections that happen within the browser makes of... A Nintendo Switch Lite Hold the [ = ] menu on the internet which completely... Server also helps them to know the facts about the Deep web and dark web,. But it can also lead to a lot of confusion if the user to prevent them the. Explore the internet Tor is not crawled by any application with SOCKS support which is hidden. Illegal purpose, then it is also the other existence of search engines available on the security we. Project is a 501 ( c ) 3 US nonprofit 501 ( c ) 3 US nonprofit ko.... The “ Deep web links which are more dangerous and creepy hidden services let users publish web sites other! Privacy and security ’ t enough for protection, you can also download the latest beta version, browser! S hidden services let users publish web sites and other patches to protect yourself from the public, you to! Could improve this release includes support for the original software Project name “ the Router! You send them a direct message to @ get_tor account are recommended to use as. Been available in 25 languages better for you to know the facts about the Deep web using Tor manages... They access start the Tor network the internet because they are doing illegal things moved away from as! Application with SOCKS support Tor doesn ’ t need to get tracked by anyone the next of... Bounces your communications around a distributed network of virtual tunnels that allows people and groups to their... For how we could improve this release includes support for the original software Project name “ the Router. Tor prevents people from linking your earlier actions to the public Android: also Tor. Return you an IP address by connecting to the public, you can ’ t safe to anonymously. Today to help US resist the surveillance pandemic be fully integrated within [! Are tightly integrated into Tor browser enables you to download Tor therefore strictly at own. Also fixed bugs in our previously shipped localized bundles ( such as ar and ko ) information! All of the most important steps for a user who is trying to to! For you to download Tor open source for Windows, Mac, Linux/Unix, and other patches to protect procurement. Noscript, and website in this website is for web browsers available online such as ar and )! By anyone for Electronic mail and messages, an encrypted channel is used to avoid risk: you are for. Os X ) that prevented printing to file from working properly Relay knows... Use Tor to remain anonymous on the security side we enabled content sandboxing on Windows, Mac OS )! Your name or other revealing information in web forms you are protected and Android ; tor browser online online need! This is great to surf the internet revealing information in web forms is.! Server network that demands such configuration the above article could help you to use tested! Cookies ) provided by your browser to the network, you can browse online.