Under a succession of Tsars, above all Peter the Great and Catherine the Great, the Russian elite had increasingly adopted European dress and culture. Polytheistic Religion included the feathered serpent god named Quetzalcoatl, the hummingbird god called Huitzilopochtli, and the jaguar god entitled Tepeyollotli. Asia was the center of global trade in the early modern era. In the early 16th century, long-term unease about what was widely seen as the corrupt state of the Catholic Church led to the outbreak of a movement called the Reformation. Out of this rivalry grew a new kind of fighting force, the oceanic navy. throughout the later 15th, 16th and 17th centuries this empire expanded far up into central Europe, twice besieging the city of Vienna (1529 and 1683), the capital of the Hapsburgs. Spice trade, the cultivation, preparation, transport, and merchandising of spices and herbs, an enterprise of ancient origins and great cultural and economic significance. In large parts of western Europe feudalism, with its fragmented power-structures, had begun to give way to centralised monarchies, with their concentration of power in the hands of the king (or queen) and the officials who did the royal bidding. It is no coincidence that these two countries had the most advanced  economies in Europe. riley1203281. In large parts of western Europe feudalism, with its fragmented power-structures, had begun to give way to centralised monarchies, with their concentration of power in the hands of the king (or queen) and the officials who did the royal bidding. © 2020 TimeMaps Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Artists and architects looked back to Roman models for their inspiration, and so remade much of the physical environment of European towns and countryside. Its effects were felt in philosophy, economics, medicine and science, and in politics – first, in political thought, and then in the practice of government. Europe. It also led to an exodus of scholars from the city who brought with much Greek and Roman learning that had been long lost to western Europe. Merchant Built network of roads and canals. 2. Since then, the Russians had expanded westward into Europe, at the expense of the Poles, and southwards towards the Black Sea at the expense of the Ottoman Turks (for Russia’s expansion, compare the maps for eastern Europe in 1453, 1648 and 1789). From the early 15th century, Medieval Europe began to morph into early modern Europe. Rigid social hierarchy The Aztecs believed that the sun drew energy from human blood, … The final Maritime Empire to emerge during the Early Modern period will go on to become the greatest. This process had been enabled by – and in turn stimulated – the rise of gunpowder armies. Nicolaus Copernicus portrait from Town Hall in Thorn/ToruÅ„ – 1580). Early Modern Tag: The Atlantic Slave Trade~ INTERACTION-Boers - European crops (wheat, grapes for wine) ... SPICE CHART OF THE MIDDLE EAST. From this would arise the experimental techniques of modern scientific enquiry; over the next few centuries the work of Vesalius, Copernicus, Kepler, Harvey, Galileo, Newton and many others would revolutionise the West’s knowledge of the material universe. This First British Empire laid her foundation in this period. A movement which modern scholars call the Italian Renaissance moved European civilization on away from its medieval past towards modernity. In all this, popular democracy was not high on the agenda. If you're having any problems, or would like to give some feedback, we'd love to hear from you. Holland, Britain and France were long-term rivals for overseas trade and empire. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Mughal Empire in India. Fashion Eras 1800-2000 Costume and Design Era Terms By Pauline Weston Thomas for Fashion-Era.com Fashion Eras 1800-2000 Costume and Design Era Terms This is a brief overview of some of the names used to identify fashion history and design styles relevant to this fashion history web site. Britain’s navy eventually emerged as the most effective of these, and through her sea power Britain would build one of the largest empires that world history has ever seen (the only possible rivals, by different measures, are the Mongol empire and Qing dynasty China). Scientists cannot be certain about what gases made up the Earth’s early atmosphere. P.E.R.S.I.A.N Chart East Asia (1750-1900) P. During the Modern era China was in the Qing Dynasty, which was the last of the Chinese dynasties. Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads. It certainly seems that Johannes Gutenberg, a German blacksmith and goldsmith, introduced some major innovations of his own to the technology. The bureaucracies were made up of the Manchus (nomads from Manchuria) Western sailors and merchants developed a system of maritime commerce which, for the first time in world history, spanned the globe, and directed much of the world’s trade towards Europe. The Dutch arrived in Africa in the early 1600s, and a large influx of other European traders followed in ensuing decades with the growth of New World colonialism. SPICE CHARTS FOR UNIT 4 Civ./ ... etc.-Trading companies also had political power-Also associated with RC religion-Scientific Revolution in early modern period (use of science, observation, and thought to reason the connection b/t … Innovations such as joint-stock companies (above all the great east India Companies), national banks, stock exchanges and patent protection had eased the financing of commercial expansion, and the first booms and busts were soon causing excitement –  the “tulip mania” of Holland and the South Sea Bubble in Britain. Modern Europe was also being heralded by the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution. The end of the early modern phase of European history is usually regarded as being the outbreak of the French Revolution. This had a multiplier effect on European economic growth, especially in those regions bordering the Atlantic ocean. 3/2. 115 terms. The other state was Russia. After the extinction of the dinosaurs, this marked the Age of Mammals.Because dinosaurs went extinct, mammals emerged as the largest land animals at this time. riley1203281. This era includes only 300 years, but some profound and long-lasting changes occurred. One by-product of this global rivalry was the discovery by Europeans of the southern landmasses of Australia and New Zealand, together with many much smaller Pacific islands. (Please also note: the maps in the Timemap of World History do not quite conform to the AP periodization, in that there is no map for the end date for this period, 1750. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... SPICE CHART OF INDIA. This can be seen as the most radical political expression of the Enlightenment. In their place it attempted to impose a more rational regime, based on the will of the people, elected assemblies, equality between the classes, and reason. CLASS PREP for Fri. 3/3: 1. The intensity of their rivalry made for a fertile field for artistic endeavour. At home, agricultural improvements had boosted their farming, and better roads and canals were constructed to lubricate the wheels of trade and industry. This occurred in 1666 and led to the complete rebuilding of London. The squabbling kingdoms of western Europe were unable to stop the rise of two huge new states to their east. Asian silk, cotton, and porcelain were the highest quality mass-produced items in the world. This led the country into ultimately futile wars in the Netherlands and with England (including the launching of the impressive but ill-fated Spanish Armada in 1588), and to over-extending itself economically. Traditionally accepted notions of divine providence were relegated to the margins.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'timemaps_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_8',121,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'timemaps_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_9',121,'0','1'])); This movement went by several names: the Age of Reason, the Enlightenment, the Scientific Revolution. It would also open the way to greater value being given to personal choice. These and other wars of religion culminating in the terrible Thirty Years War in Germany (1618-48). AP World SPICE Chart. This, coupled with a strong reaction against the religious dogmatism which had caused so much bloodshed in the wars of religion, led to a new spirt of rationalism, apparent from the later 17th century onwards. 3 Antecedents of early modern societies, c. 900–1400 42 4 Zones in early modern Southeast Asia 83 5 Early modern Southeast Asia, 1400–1511 82 6 Acceleration of change, 1511–1600 130 7 Southeast Asia, 1600–1830s 182 x Cambridge U niversity Pre ss 978-0-521-88992-6 - A History of Early Modern Southeast Asia, 1400 1830 Writers and thinkers also looked back to Greek and Roman philosophers, and this prompted them to rethink not only much of their understanding about the world, but, more importantly, the ways they sought this understanding. Within Europe itself, one invention of the mid-15th century helped above any other to move Europe towards the modern world. Start studying AP history Unit 4 Spice Charts. In the next era, the British Empire will dominate the world. By the end of the early modern period they were counted as one of the great European powers, alongside Austria, France, Britain and the rising state of Prussia. They created more efficient governing machines by giving more power to bureaucrats appointed on merit, instead of hereditary aristocrats, and applying rational thinking to the problems of administration. This was moveable-type printing. 1. What is also beyond doubt is that its impact on Europe was far more profound than it had been on China. At the national and political level, Spain, at that time the leading power in Europe under its King Philip II, saw itself as the champion of the Roman Catholic Church, and strenuously fought to put down Protestantism wherever he could. We hope your visit has been a productive one. Early Modern Spain A Documentary History Edited by Jon Cowans. This revolution would create an entirely new kind of society, with its locus in manufacturing than in agriculture, and in towns and cities rather than the countryside. SOCIAL Samurai class. The most dramatic change in relative values, on this chart, i.e. In the meantime, the West’s knowledge of the geography of the world expanded enormously with the voyages of discovery which began in the 15th century. 1450-1750 Early Modern Era. Confucianism with some Buddhism ideas. To what extent this was an original development to Europe, or had spread to Europe from East Asia (where it had been invented several centuries before) is a hotly debated topic. During the early modern period numerous words were respelt according to their true or (occasionally) false Latin etymologies; this tendency began in late Middle English but gathered strength in our period. Instead, there is one for 1789. These consist of maps and articles. It would lead eventually to the creation of new kinds of European states in the 19th century, which on the one hand were more responsive to the will of the people than the more traditional states had been, and on the other hand had a far greater impact on the lives of their citizens. The rise of popular religious movements – the Hussites in central Europe, the Lollards in England – calling for a return to the simpler Christianity of the Gospels had been preparing the ground for a more critical approach to belief. founded by Barbur (1483-1530) Turkic Muslims from Central Asia; expanded by Akbar (1556-1605) depended in part on use of gunpowder technology to succeed; largely a tribute empire. By the end of this war, many things had changed since Medieval times. This split the Christian world of Europe into two hostile camps, the Protestant nations to the north and the Roman Catholic nations to the south. Joint Stock Company 1250. The impact printing had on the religious life of Europeans was even more profound. Cannons and handguns put a final end to the military superiority of heavily armoured knights and the invincibility of castles. Mammals existed during the era of dinosaurs.But they kept a low profile and remained small and fury like a hamster. minermom. These competed fiercely with one another, not just in politics and war, but as patrons of culture as well. Bringing together ten essays by an international group of historians, Southeast Asia in the Early Modern Era shows how various states adapted to new pressures and compares economic, religious, and political developments among the major cultures of the area. AP students are required to know the major events surrounding the rise of European countries (monarchies) and the establishment of … This was primarily the result of internal developments within Italy, in particular the rise of wealthy trading cities in northern Italy, such as Milan, Venice and above all Genoa. No nation is more synonymous with exploration in the Early Modern period that Spain. Europeans wanted to trade for Chinese silk and porcelain. At the “hearts and minds” level, Ignatius Loyola founded the religious order of the Jesuits, which became one of the most effective missionary organisations in world history. Alliance with merchant class. Religious leaders such as Martin Luther and John Calvin called for root and branch reform of the Catholic Church, and when these calls were rejected, broke away to form the Protestant movement (which soon splintered into a bewildering number of churches and sects). We note below where the teacher has to make a bit of an adjustment.) was a varying complex of lands[1] that existed from 962 to 1806 in Central Europe. Use the Comparative LEQ Rubric to score you essay on each specific part. Day 11 - Thur. The Qing Rulers still practiced many Ming dynasty traditions and values. This had been gathering pace in Britain since around the mid-18th century, as a direct result of the strong economic growth which that country had been experiencing. This most recent era of American history is marked by prosperity but also by tragedy: The attacks of Sept.11, 2001, on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and including the lost plane in Pennsylvania took 2,996 lives and was the deadliest terrorist attack in history and the most horrific attack on the U.S. since Pearl Harbor. Shogun control. Seasonings such as cinnamon, ginger, cassia, and turmeric were important items of commerce from the earliest evolution of trade. After 1492, however, Europe found itself at the geographical center of the world, increasingly able to use its unrivaled sea power to exploit the riches of both the Americas and Asia. With the rise of central power came an expansion in royal bureaucracies.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'timemaps_com-banner-1','ezslot_7',119,'0','0'])); While these developments in politics and society had been going on, the Medieval mindset, with its near-complete subordination to the dominance of the Catholic Church, was being undermined by blatant corruption within the Church’s hierarchy. Only one dutch ship allowed to trade each year. 2. The Early Modern Era Several events marked the end of the "Middle Ages". Early Modern Empires (1500-1800) Introduction: Before we learn about the unlikely and apparently rapid rise of The West during the 19th and 20th centuries, it’s important to understand the powerful empires of the early modern world between 1500 and 1800. In the later Middle Ages trade had expanded, towns had grown in number and size, and a new, more sophisticated society had emerged. Spice. More rational foundations for governing were sought, and, once this thinking had penetrated the courts of Europe, more rational ways of governing countries were put into practice. It sought to break with traditional forms of government, based on hereditary monarchy, aristocracy and church, which all harked back to Medieval Europe. The Americas SPICE Chart Aztec Social Lasted from 1300-1520CE Aztecs emerged in Mexico Aztecs were influenced by the Olmec and Toltec cultures. View Notes - SPICE Chart Unit 4 from AP 401 at Cupertino High. In Europe, 1453 marked the end of the Hundred Years War. The discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus. Expanding Land Empires of the Early Modern Era. This would become a defining feature of Western civilization, and amongst other things would open the way to the rise of the secular society which we know today. The world became a smaller place at the turn of the 20th century, and as nations emerged as modern globalized societies people faced enormous changes politically, socially, and scientifically. Tomyotomi Hideyoshi unites japan, great peace. Characteristics of the time between 1450 and 1750 include: 1) The globe was encompassed - For the first time, the western hemisphere came into continued contact with the eastern hemisphere. Emperor head of state. As shown earlier, Europe was, at the start of the early modern era, still an insignificant backwater on the unenviable periphery of the lucrative Asian trade. Postclassical Tag: Encounters with the Islamic World~ SOCIAL, Postclassical Tag: Encounters with the Islamic World~ POLITICAL, Postclassical Tag: Encounters with the Islamic World~ INTERACTION, -Arab creation of dhows to follow the monsoon winds, Postclassical Tag: Encounters with the Islamic World~ CULTURAL, Postclassical Tag: Encounters with the Islamic World~ ECONOMIC, Early Modern Tag: The Atlantic Slave Trade~ SOCIAL, Early Modern Tag: The Atlantic Slave Trade~ POLITICAL, Early Modern Tag: The Atlantic Slave Trade~ INTERACTION, -Boers - European crops (wheat, grapes for wine), Early Modern Tag: The Atlantic Slave Trade~ CULTURAL, Early Modern Tag: The Atlantic Slave Trade~ ECONOMIC, Modern Tag: The Age of Imperialism~ SOCIAL, Modern Tag: The Age of Imperialism~ POLITICAL, Modern Tag: The Age of Imperialism~ INTERACTION, -roads and rail ways built to extract raw materials, Modern Tag: The Age of Imperialism~ CULTURAL, Modern Tag: The Age of Imperialism~ ECONOMIC, Contemporary Tag: Independence and Emerging Nations~ SOCIAL, Contemporary Tag: Independence and Emerging Nations~ POLITICAL, Contemporary Tag: Independence and Emerging Nations~ INTERACTION, Contemporary Tag: Independence and Emerging Nations~ CULTURAL, Contemporary Tag: Independence and Emerging Nations~ ECONOMIC. This is traditionally regarded as the early modern phase of European history, and was certainly a critical period for world history.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'timemaps_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',112,'0','0'])); The next phase of European history is dealt with in the article on Western Civilization. The Industrial Revolution decades before 1900 proved that machines were capable of mass production. AP World History Study Guide and Graphic Organizers – Unit 4: Early Modern Era, 1450 CE – 1750 CE. By Heather Whipps 12 May 2008. Modern History – After the post-classical era Early Modern Period – The chronological limits of this period are open to debate. 1. From the early 15th century, Medieval Europe began to morph into early modern Europe. First, the strengthening of Monarchies, and secondly, the rise of gunpowder weapons. However, don't confuse this "British Empire", with the one from the next era. In the later Middle Ages trade had expanded, towns had grown in number and size, and a new, more sophisticated society had emerged. This brought upon a new era of consumerism into the 20th century,… The Earth formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago. Europe, South Asia, and China accounted for about 70 percent of the world’s population. 1800-1837 1837-1913 1913-1947 1947-1970 1970-1985 1985-2000 2000- A … By the end of the 17th century the Dutch Estates and English (later British) Parliament had become the seat of sovereignty in these two nations. For general help, questions, and suggestions, try our dedicated support forums. 288 pages | 6 1/8 x 9 1/4 Paper 2003 | ISBN 9780812218459 | $26.50s | Outside the Americas £20.99 View table of contents "Immediately useful to anyone interested in Spanish history and culture. Previous page. Diaspora 800 - 1888. people scatter from their homeland. However, in certain Protestant countries, especially Holland and Britain, long-standing trends had been at work limiting the power of the monarch and placing more power in the hands of elected representatives of the people (albeit only a small proportion of the people were actually able to vote). This process had been enabled by – and in t… This was known as the Counter-Reformation. This greatly increased the stock of knowledge, and stimulated a thirst for more. Ch.25 & 26 Quiz - review and grade. This article deals with the history of Europe between c. 1450 CE – the time of the Italian Renaissance – to 1789, the outbreak of the French Revolution. In the 15th and 16th centuries, however, under the leadership of the Grand Princes of Muscovy the Russians had gradually liberated themselves from the political domination of the Mongols (by now known, in western Asia, known as the Golden Horde). and its colonies. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive updates on new articles, lesson plans and special offers. In North America and the Caribbean, and along the coasts of India and the East Indies, they fought each other for strategic advantage. 83 terms. 25 terms. At this time, there were a number of different groups. The "Gunpowder" Empires. If the modern age has a definitive beginning, it was sparked by the spice trade, some historians have argued. 25 terms. Post-Reformation European thinkers thus felt more able to pursue their own individual quests for understanding. 1467-1600 warring states. Everything – religion, society, government, the material world – was scrutinised in a new way: cause and consequence rooted in the material world were sought. The iconic moment in this was the accidental discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492, but there was a long series of voyages and overland expeditions which each contributed to Europeans’ understanding of the world. The ability to print books, leaflets and posters brought down their cost dramatically. Although practicing the Orthodox Christian faith and therefore, in religious matters, within the orbit of Constantinople, the Russians had since the 13th century been politically – and to some extent culturally – a part of the Asiatic empire of the Mongols. The first of these was the Ottoman empire, which, even before its conquest of Constantinople, had acquired extensive territories in the Balkans. These wars affected all aspects of European life. Although about as far east as it is possible to travel, Australia and New Zealand (and, on a smaller scale, Hawaii) were to become integral parts of “Western” civilization. Over the next couple of centuries, the Americas were opened up to European conquest and colonization, and trade routes were pioneered linking the Atlantic with the Indian and Pacific Oceans. – All the World’s history, at your fingertips –. 2. If you need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web … - YaleGlobal Neo-Confucianism 772 - 1911. Print; Events. The Reformation led to a strong response from the Roman Catholic side. This page contains links to useful teaching and learning resources within the Timemap of World History for AP World History, Period 4 (1450 CE to 1750 CE). Being expensive, cannons placed enhanced military power in the hands of those best able to afford them, the monarchs.