From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. What pre-1861 law gave the North that right? 29 upvotes, 4 comments. Also, dividing half your force, and then failing to wait for the other half before attacking, when outnumbered is completely shocking. In Sweden, a thoroughly wooded area, pikes were used even in the 1500's and as long as the early 1700's to great effect. I've got quite a lot to say about this. Phalanx vs legion, Rome's victories in these battles sealed their meteoric rise from Italian 'startup' to Mediterranean superpower. Or how morale and skill was improved for close combat against a seemingly invincible army of giants by bringing in gladiator lannista to train soldiers in swordsmanship. 5 years ago | 2 views. The largest Roman army sent to Greece was only 30,000 strong – a mere 2.5 per cent of Rome’s total military manpower, or 7 per cent of her maximum mobilized strength in the Second Punic War. 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