She was the daughter of Alaafin Ofinran and the grand – daughter of Alaafin Onigbogi, both rulers of the Empire in their own time. Thus, until the collapse of the Oyo empire in the early 19th century, its dominance and commercial links with different parts of the world provided the basis for stability that protected Yorubaland from aggression or untoward experiences. But since the fall of the Oyo Empire, it is now the title of the traditional ruler of Oyo town. The Alaafin was the master of the realm spreading from the Savannah and as far afield as modern Benin and Togo Republics in the West African sub-region. Obà and Òsun after losing everything, left the palace angrily blaming one another for allowing Oya such access to Sàngó and became the under goddess of the river Obà and Òsun the goddess of Òsun river. The drums will roll out on Thursday January 14 on the golden anniversary of the coronation of the Alaafin of Oyo, Iku Baba Yeye, Igba Keji Orisa, Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III (82). – Hence the popular saying OBAKOSO or OLUKOSO meaning the king did not hang was created by the Baba-Mogba and the place where Sàngó disappeared has became known as Koso. Mogba Koso plays a crucial role in the royal succession, since he is the custodian of the thunderbolt (Edun Ara) and the ancestral crown of Sàngó, being responsible for the coronation of the new king. Alaafin Adeyemi III has been very fortunate. Alaafin Ajiun Orompotoniyun, ruled the Oyo empire in the 16th century, speculatively from 1554 to 1562. She ruled the Oyo empire in the 16th century, speculatively from 1554 to 1562. Kori. Here’s a list of Alaafins that have reigned over the Oyo empire from inception to date. Sàngó then ordered that Gbonka should be burn to ashes. Olukoso ayoran ina Ekun oko oya Sangiri lagiri,o lagirikaka,fedubo Efin ina la nda laye Ina nbe lodo sango lorun Oloju orogbo,elereke obi O peke pe,o podale pepe Orissa nla ti bologbo leru Ina loju,ina lenu Omo ewelere Omo Oyo alafin Ojo pa sekere, Copyright © 2020 KikioTolu.com All rights reserved. According to traditions, Oyo derived from a great Yoruba ancestor and hero, Oduduwa, who likely migrated to Ile-Ife and whose son became the first alaafin (alafin), or ruler, of Oyo.Linguistic evidence suggests that two waves of immigrants came into Yorubaland between 700 and 1000, the second settling at Oyo in the open country north of the Guinea forest. In Oyo, the Oba is referred to as the Alaafin. The people created a government that established its power over a vast empire. After disobeying his direct order not to match on Owu in Battle, Sàngó follows Oya’s advice to get rid of them and sent them to govern the border towns of the Empire. The Oyo Mesi developed as a check on the Alaafin’s power, preventing the Alaafin from being an autocrat; the Oyo Mesi compelled many Alaafin to commit suicide during the 17th and 18th centuries. One of the most significant features of Yorubaland was the existence in the geographical zone now described as Southwestern Nigeria, of the ancient and powerful Kingdom (and later Empire) of Oyo under the direction of the Alaafin of Oyo. New Oyo was aligned with Ibadan in the Yoruba civil wars of the… This Alaafin founded Igboho after the Nupe had occupied Oyo- Ile. According to historians, the Yorubas arrived in their present homes in waves from the ancient Meroe of the East of Sudan. Orompoto was responsible for leading the Oyo Empire between the years 1554 to 1562. The presence of the ancient and powerful Kingdom (and later Empire) of Oyo under the direction of the Alaafin of Oyo in the geographical zone now described as Southwestern Nigeria was one of the most significant characteristics of Yorubaland. Onigbogi-conducted evacuation of Oyo-Ile probably around 16th century “There were 36 other kings after Onigbogi. During the reign of Sàngó, he had two generals: Timi Agbale Olofa-ina (also known as Olu-ode) who could shoot arrows of fire and Gbonka (also Known as Eliri) who was equally powerful. Oyo has witnessed a lot of growth during his reign. The Impeached Alaafin of Oyo – ALAAFIN AJAKA. Alaafin of Oyo has been the Most powerful kingship title in the history of Yorubas. Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history. The role and scope of Oyo's impact in establishing a Yoruba identity and consciousness among the Yoruba has continued to resonate the west. The Alaafin was the master of the realm spreading from the Savannah and as far afield as modern Benin and Togo Republics in the West African sub-region. The Alaafin of Oyo was formerly the title of the ruler of the ancient Oyo Empire. Sàngó is a mystery and a phenomenon in the Yoruba history that have spread beyond the boundaries of Oyo town, spreading throughout the world. He built Igboho, known as Oyo Igboho, and made it the new capital. UK Office: Square Root Business Centre, 102-116 Windmill Road, Croydon,Surrey,CRO 2XQ, Phone: +2348033026841 Aganju. Orompoto was the first and only female Alaafin of Oyo. The mystery behind the coronation of Orompoto as the Alaafin of Oyo will forever remain a puzzle. It is located at Oyo-Ile Range of the Park and it remains one of the footprints of the ancient Oyo People that to date adorn the first capital city of the famous Oyo Empire. It was after the civil war, Lamidi Adeyemi succeeded his father Alaafin Gbadegesin Ladigbolu II as the king of Oyo in the year 1971. Alaafin Aloworodu Adeyemi ruled from 1876 to 1905. Political Attachment. 14th Century, Oyo Palace Compound, Oranyan, the first oba (king) of Oyo, was succeeded byOba Ajaka, Alaafin of Oyo. In old times, it was geographically located in today Northern central and western Nigeria. The Oyomesi who were in charge of installing a new Alaafin were not willing to crown Orompoto king. Sàngó was the second son of Oranmiyan; the founder of Oyo Empire; the youngest of the grandsons of Oduduwa. Africa’s best source for African styles and culture news. He is associated with the holy animal, the ram, and the holy colours of red and white. In art, Sàngó is depicted with a double-axe on his three heads. She was the sister of her predecessor, Eguguojo. The name Yoruba was initially used for the Oyo speaking people, their empire and dialect until the 19th century when European explorers applied the name widely to other Yoruba sub-groups. Ajaja -re-installed. During her reign Orompoto was responsible for leading the Oyo Empire between the years 1554 to 1562. He left the palace to a high rock facing the palace to re-affirm the potency of his thunderbolt. Today Koso is a suburban district of Oyo, one of the holiest places of the city, where the spirit of Sàngó inhabited the sacred site thousands of years ago. Locals say it cannot be lifted by a man, not even by a group of men. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire, and the Largest empire ever existed in West Africa, occupying most of what’s is today Southern Nigeria, expanding its territory to the nearby Republic of Benin. These leaders saw their mission as continuing the war of resistance against the Fulani until the last were completely driven out of Yorubaland. At a time, the respected ruler was chairman of the council. Olowu later sent his warriors to capture Alaafin Ajaka and bring him to Owu. The history of the 1st Alaafin of Oyo cannot be separated from the fact that Oyo Empire is one of the oldest and politically influential empires in the entire Yoruba race till date.. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever. It also became the basis for a global understanding of the capacity of the black race to construct an enduring political and social arrangement. Sàngó in his quest to destroy them both: sent Gbonka to Ede to capture Timi which he did. The Alaaafin was given his staff of office on that sunny Thursday January 14. Oyo, Oyo State, is the seat of the line of the rulers of Oyo.Their territory, a constituent rump … Only Baba-Mogba knew the truth that Sàngó varnished into the earth, leaving his thunderbolt (Edun Ara) with Mogba . The role that the Alaafin played in this has been extremely remarkable. Ajaka -was dethroned. Sàngó , in his lifetime, had five wives, but three were very closed to him, Obà , the first wife and in the traditional sense the legitimate, Òsun , the second and Oya, the third, a concubine (as no marriage right or dowry was paid on her) was a spirit who has the power to transform from human to animal. Oyo has continued to live on in the lives, arts and the socio-cultural, economic and political arrangements prevalent among the Yoruba people, their neighbours and the African Diaspora. Besides that, nothing remarkable happened in his reign. Oluaso. Bode Thomas died in a controversial circumstance after his unfriendly encounter with Alaafin Adeyemi II, father of the current Alaafin Lamidi Adeyemi III. According to the Oyomesi, it was an abomination for a woman to rule over the empire. Sàngó is a divinity among the Yoruba Òrìsà Pantheon, related to the mythology of the Yoruba Indigenous Religion known as “Èsìn Òrìsà Ìbílè”. Both Alaafin Adeyemi and Thomas (who was the Balogun of Oyo) were members of the Oyo Divisional Council. During the 17th century, Oyo began a long stretch of growth, becoming a major empire. He is also the son of Oba Adeyemi II, the immediate former Alaafin of Oyo who was sent into exile in 1954 for showing sympathy towards the National Council of Nigerian Citizens (NCNC). Ile-Ife was their first principal centre of civilization. Alaafin Adeyemi III … Sàngó was a brave and powerful man that inherited most of his special abilities from the Nupe, his mother’s people. Palava: A Mouth-Watering Traditional Liberian Food you ... Breakfast Ideas: Moroccan Potato and Green Beans, Nigeria Added to the US Religious Freedom Blacklist, EU Gives Nigeria N21bn Grant in Fight Against COVID-19, Total of 5,959 COVID-19 Cases in Nigeria as NCDC Reports 338 New Infections, 600 New COVID-19 Cases Recorded, Total Inflections Hit 35,454 in Nigeria, COVID-19: Nigeria Bans Travelers from 13 Countries, Nigeria Records 276 New Cases of COVID-19, Total Infections Now 8,344, Egypt’s Ex-PM Rescinds Decision To Run For Presidency, Bayern Back In Munich Ahead Of Fan-Less Celebrations. She was the sister of her predecessor, Eguguojo. There is no king in Oyo, who will be installed without performing all the rites of coronation inside Koso temple. In 17th Century Oyo, the monarchical failings came as a succession of cruel kings to the exalted throne of the Alaafin. The Bashorun has the final say on the nomination of the new Alaafin, his power rivalling the king himself. 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