Location. [11] When the satraps joined Eumenes he had a considerable force, with which he could look forward with some confidence to doing battle against Antigonus. Alexander didn’t take any of it, just wrote to his generals and governors asking them for new copies of the burnt documents. Let me know if there is a print you want made. Eumenes van Cardia was een Thracisch generaal van Alexander de Grote uit de 4e eeuw v.Chr. After Alexander's death(323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. ", (2) Satrap at Partition of Babylon; possibly Nicanor of Stageira Eumenes was born in the area of Cardia in the North of Greece in the year 362 BC. found: Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich, 2002: t.p. Summary. Eumenes and his forces spent the winter of 320-319 in Nora, but when spring came, he managed to escape with all his men while negotiating with Antigonus over terms for Eumenes and his men to join Antigonus now that Antipater was dead. EUMENES of Cardia, according to Duris, was the son of a man whom poverty drove to be a waggoner, in the Thracian Chersonesus, but received a liberal education in literature and athletics. Eumenes of Cardia synonyms, Eumenes of Cardia pronunciation, Eumenes of Cardia translation, English dictionary definition of Eumenes of Cardia. Only when he was betrayed by the silver shields and murdered was he beaten. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of the Asian remnants of Alexander's empire. [21], Despite Eumenes' undeniable skills as a general, he never commanded the full allegiance of the Macedonian officers in his army and died as a result. Because, as a non-Macedonian, Eumenes still faced some hostility and envy from the Macedonians, he announced that Alexander had told him in a dream to set up a council of leaders to meet daily in a special tent with an empty throne where Alexander himself would join them to guide their deliberations. Eumenes of Cardia by Edward Anson, 2015, Brill edition, in English - Second edition. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on … Become a Redditor. Diodorus Sicilus, Bibliotheca Historica, XVIII 59,1-3. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eumenes&oldid=993800948, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Personal secretary of Alexander the Great, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:47. But, 1000 talents in melted gold and silver was found. Menander immediately followed this advice. [6], Meanwhile, Antigonus had settled his affairs in Asia Minor and marched east to take out Eumenes before he could do further damage. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. This unexpected victory made the Macedonian leaders who were supposed be supporting Eumenes even more jealous. EUMENES OF CARDIA 1 BY H. D. WESTLAKE, M.A. He participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. At a very early age he was employed as private secretary by Philip II of Macedon, and, after the death of Philip II, by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia. Satrap of Cappadocia and Paphlagonia (323-319 BC). Another way Eumenes used to safeguard himself against hostility was to borrow large sums of money from the people most hostile to him, hoping they would realise that if they killed him, they would never get their money back. The remainder of the campaign turned into a battle of maneuver, with Eumenes avoiding further battle with Antigonus. In 330 he became Alexander’s principal secretary and keeper of the Royal Journal. Eumenes took a large number of horses to replenish his Cappadocian cavalry. When Philip II invaded this district he took Eumenes in his service and gave him a noble education. Eumenes dispatched a private message to his old friend, the general Menander, advising him to move the baggage uphill so that its capture would be impossible. : Eumenes of Cardia : A Greek among Macedonians by Edward Anson (2004, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay! He was executed after the Battle of Gabiene in 316 BC. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Studies in Philo of Alexandria Ser. Almost all these were Macedonians, but among them was Eumenes, a native of the Greek city of Cardia, whose fortunes in the six and a half years that … Cleopatra and Eumenes had been friends since childhood, however, Cleopatra was not willing to back what seemed to be a losing cause and implored Eumenes to leave the area lest she incur the wrath of Antipater. He asked Eumenes for 300 talents, but Eumenes only contributed 100 talents, saying that even that much was a strain on his resources. by Wheasy in distributism. We know nothing of Eumenes’ early life before he became a friend of Philip II of Macedon (342 BC) and then his secretary, apart from the fact that he came from Cardia, in the Thracian Chersonnese. Determined to follow tradition, Eumenes made the bold and unexpected move to regain the battlefield so that he could construct a proper funeral pyre for the dead. That alone marks him out as a highly capable leader, imo. Eumenes was probably born in Cardia and was of Greek origin. Eumenes dismissed most of his men because he had too many to move about unnoticed but not enough to go on the attack. Gabiene (in modern Iran) 31°46′38″N 51°48′06″E  /. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of the Asian remnants of Alexander's empire. There are tales that he was the son of a wagoner, but this is not likely to be true. In the ensuing division of the empire in the Partition of Babylon (323 BC), Cappadocia and Paphlagonia were assigned to Eumenes; but as they were not yet subdued, Leonnatus and Antigonus were charged by Perdiccas with securing them for him. In fact, Eumenes was able to hold his own against Antiochus and inflict defeats/stalemate him. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Perdiccas, who by one account had been appointed regent for Alexander’s mentally defective brother and unborn son, ordered the generals Leonnatus and Antigonus to help Eumenes take possession of his territory (321). In the distribution of the empire after Alexander’s death, he was assigned Cappadocia in eastern Asia Minor. [–]eumenes_of_cardia 1 point2 points3 points 15 hours ago (0 children) Well it is. Eumenes of Cardia (Greek: Ευμένης, ca. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. Eumenes, a Greek from the city of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, played an important role in the struggles of the first years after Alexander’s death. News of this came immediately after Eumenes’ financial rewards, so his officers and men were outraged and redoubled their efforts to protect their leader, assigning a large bodyguard of 1000 men to protect him at all times. eumenes_of_cardia 377 post karma 15,597 comment karma send a private message. Character » Eumenes of Cardia appears in 9 issues. He participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house.. [12] Eumenes then marched southeastwards into Persia, where he picked up additional reinforcements.[13]. Here, Eumenes was defeated due to an unknown act of a traitor who was possibly bribed by Antigonus. remember me reset password. Eumenes retorted that “formalities and technicalities would not protect them from death and destruction”. During negotiations, Eumenes was unable to secure a deal he thought fitting, and so was willing to hold out longer for a more favorable position in the imperial hierarchy. 361-316 B.C. Eumenes. Eumenes refused to help Leonnatus and quietly left the camp one night to join Perdiccas with the news of Leonnatus’ plans. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Eumenes somehow had advance knowledge of this and marched out of Phoenica, through Syria into Mesopotamia, with the idea of gathering support in the upper satrapies. He was a private secretary first for Philip II for seven years, and then 13 years for Alexander the Great. The title of Edward Anson’s book, Eumenes of Cardia, though appropriate and representative, is a bit unfortunate as it does nothing to reveal the depth of … He led his men on a ten-day march through the desert to attack Eumenes, choosing this route in the hope that his approach would remain a secret. 315 BC. By swearing an oath to an infant and a developmentally disabled man, this, essentially, gave Eumenes free reign to act in whatever manner he saw as in the best interest of the Argead Dynasty, and, therefore, himself. Duris reports that Eumenes, the Cardian, was the son of a poor wagoner in the Thracian Chersonesus, yet liberally educated, both as a scholar and a soldier; and that while he was but young, Philip, passing through Cardia, diverted himself with a sight of the wrestling matches and other Neoptolemus was killed, and Craterus died of his wounds.[1]. He served under Philip and Alexander, and on Alexander’s death was assigned the satrapy of Cappadocia in central Anatolia. Eumenes of Cardia was defeated and killed in the Battle of Gabiene in 315 BC. … After Alexander's death he was given control of Cappadocia and Paphlagonia. Antigonus arrived shortly and decided to enter into negotiation with Eumenes instead of undergoing a lengthy siege. He was executed after the Battle of Gabiene in 316 BC. Career. Despite the fact that he had been chiefly an administrator rather than one of Alexander's elite military commanders, and that he was a Greek from the city of Cardia, as opposed to a native Macedonian, Eumenes came close to securing control of the … The Silver Shields complied, arrested Eumenes and his officers, and handed them over. Antigonus tried to take advantage of this fact in the winter of 317-316. Or more precisely - robber baron capitalism with a high concentration of capital in a small oligarchy and technocratic socialism with the control of capital in the hand of a small oligarchy. Most likely, the young Eumenes came to the attention of King Phillip II and soon became part of his inner circle and friendly with the young Alexander the Great. HULME PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER THE opening of the Hellenistic Age is a period in which the number of leading characters is unusually, even confusingly, large. Eumenes (361-315): secretary of Alexander the Great, one of the Diadochi. In addition to all the loot of the Silver Shields (treasure accumulated over 30 years of successful warfare including gold, silver, gems and other booty), the soldiers' women and children were taken and Eumenes' army wished to negotiate their return. [1] He was able to escape from Nora by tricking the Antigonid diplomat, his friend and country man Hieronymus of Cardia, sent to negotiate his surrender, into having him swear an oath of loyalty to the two kings, Philip III and Alexander IV instead of Antigonus himself. [7], Eumenes gained the support of Amphimachos, the satrap of Mesopotamia,[8] then marched his army into Northern Babylonia, where he put them into winter quarters. Battle of Gabiene was the second great battle (the third battle in total; see: the battles of Orkynia and Paraitakene) between Antigonus Monophthalmus and Eumenes, two of Alexander the Great's successors (the so-called Diadochi).The battle was fought near Gabiene in Persia in 315 BC and ended the Second War of the Diadochi. Alexander didn’t believe him and secretly gave orders that Eumenes’ tent be set on fire to see how much treasure he would hurry to save. [1] After Alexander's death (323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek and Macedonian soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. He therefore ordered the troops he did have available to light huge fires in the mountains at night and to let them slowly die down, as was the usual practice in army camps, in order to convince Antigonus that the secret was out and Eumenes was waiting for him with a large army. Buy Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition by Anson, Edward online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Short summary describing this character. Eumenes knew that he would not be able to prevent his soldiers from plundering this loot if they found out about it, and also that doing so would decrease the essential mobility of his forces. Noun 1. found: OCLC, 6-19-2003 (hdg. Eumenes even went so far as to set up a tent for the late conqueror complete with a throne. After Alexander’s death, Eumenes was appointed governor of Cappadocia, despite the fact that it didn’t actually belong to the Macedonians. [citation needed]. I hope to get a 3d animated series out some day but will wait until my skills improve. Nearchus of Crete, who had been Alexander’s admiral, proposed a forced retirement, but in the end those who wanted Eumenes’ death prevailed. However, five days was not enough for Eumenes to gather his scattered forces. Verified Email. [14] Antigonus, faced with disaster, decided to abandon the crossing and turned back northward, marching up into Media, threatening the upper satrapies. Alexander the Great was sufficiently impressed by Eumenes’ services to his father to keep him on after Philip’s assassination in 336, promoting him to chief secretary. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. He gave valuable aid to the regent Perdiccas, … Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition [Anson, Edward] on Amazon.com.au. login. At the river Kopratas, Eumenes surprised Antigonus during the crossing of the river and killed or captured 4,000 of his men. or 315 B.C. [15] Eumenes wanted to march westward and cut Antigonus's supply lines, but the satraps refused to abandon their satrapies and forced Eumenes to stay in the east. Ancient sources agree that Eumenes was an extremely able general. Following this battle, Antigonus neglected to address the dead and immediately set off in pursuit for Eumenes. Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek general and satrap. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. It is also completely revised, including both the author’s and a wide range of works on the period of the Diadochi published over the past forty years or so. Eumenes. He advised her to wait until the boy was old enough to rule, but she didn’t follow his advice, and seized power in Macedon. Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek who served both Philip II and Alexander the Great as secretary and archivist. Navigation. Teutamus, one of their commanders, sent the request to Antigonus who responded by demanding they give him Eumenes. During the winter he negotiated with Seleucus, the satrap of Babylonia, and Peithon, the satrap of Media, seeking their help against Antigonus. Pharnabazus III, Persian satrap of Phrygia, was his brother-in-law, as Eumenes married Artonis, the daughter of Persian satrap Artabazus II and sister of Pharnabazus III. or 361 B.C.-316 B.C. Eumenes from Cardia was born in 362 BC and died in 315 BC. After Alexander's death he was given control of Cappadocia and Paphlagonia. Eumenes, of Cardia, ca. Now that he had Eumenes as a prisoner, Antigonus was uncertain what to do with him. Historie is an award-winning historical fiction manga series that tells the life story of Eumenes, in a fictional way. Eumenes, of Cardia, 362 B.C. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Eu… Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition: Anson, Edward: Amazon.sg: Books [4], In 317 BC, Eumenes left Cilicia and marched into Syria and Phoenicia, and began to raise a naval force on behalf of Polyperchon. [1] Eumenes was hated and despised by many fellow commanders—certainly for his successes and supposedly for his non-Macedonian (in the tribal sense) background and prior office as Royal Secretary. Unfortunately, because of the cold in the desert at night, his men disobeyed him and lit fires to keep warm, thus giving the game away when they were still only halfway there. Eumenes was a native of Cardia according to some sources. Despite the fact that he had been chiefly an administrator rather than one of Alexander’s elite military commanders, and that he was a Greek from the city of Cardia, as opposed to a native Macedonian, Eumenes came close to securing control of the … In this position he forced them to jump and kick until they worked up a thorough sweat. Eumenes was also granted the privilege of wearing a purple hat and cloak, an honor usually only granted to a Macedonian king. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Only Antigonus knew of Eumenes’ real motives. Free shipping for many products! His father came into the service of the Macedonian monarchs of the ancient Argead dynasty, and it seems likely that Eumenes was a member of the nobility. In 2002, Christoph Schifer published a biography of Eumenes (Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht in Alexanderreich [Frankfurt am Main, 2002]) and now Edward Anson has done the same. Eumenes of Cardia (Ancient Greek: Εὐμένης, ca. Ancient sources agree that Eumenes was an extremely able general. The John Rylands Library houses one of the finest collections of rare books, manuscripts and archives in the world. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of … The fortress was well-stocked with basic provisions; the main problem was lack of space to exercise the animals. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. He had also hoped to win the support of Cleopatra of Macedon, who was present in the city at the time. Two-Year Club. He later was a participant in the Wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house. [3] He claimed that Alexander had visited him in a dream and told him that he would be present with them at every battle. 362 BC—316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich. Eumenes, a Greek from the city of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, played an important role in the struggles of the first years after Alexander’s death. He was an able commander who did his utmost to maintain the unity of Alexander's empire in Asia, but his efforts were frustrated by generals and satraps both nominally under his command and under that of his enemies. Eumenes acted quickly to muster his army, and marched into Cilicia where he made an alliance with Antigenes and Teutamus, the commanders of the famous Macedonian Silver Shields. [19] According to Plutarch and Diodorus, Eumenes had won the battle but lost control of his army's baggage camp thanks to his ally Peucestas' duplicity or incompetence. Thinking that he was marching tired men suffering from the cold against a fresh army, Antigonus slowed down to let his men recover from the journey – and this delay was sufficient for Eumenes’ army to come together and win the battle. As such he was one of Alexander’s clossest associates, but his main claim to fame was his career after the death of Alexander. 9 appearances; No recent wiki edits to this page. Eumenes obliged her and moved north into Phrygia to winter. Eumenes was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, although he was suspected to be Scythian. This action greatly impressed Antigonus. Since he would be facing a force superior in infantry, Eumenes decided to travel to the plains of Sardis where his advantage in cavalry would be decisive. The following winter, Eumenes disbanded his army, save for a small, crack force of 500 cavalry and 200 heavy infantry and holed up in Nora, a strong fortress on the border between Cappadocia and Lycaonia. [16] Antigonus, whose casualties were more numerous, force marched his army to safety the next night. In the late summer of 316 BC, Antigonus moved southward again in the hope of bringing Eumenes to battle and ending the war quickly. Worldhistory.us - For those who want to understand the History, not just to read it. 362 BC—316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. When Philip II invaded this district he took Eumenes in his service and gave him a noble education. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2004. xviii, 285 pages : maps ; 24 cm.. ISBN 0391042092 $135.00. Eumenes received letters from Olympias, Alexander’s mother, asking him to help her assert her authority in Macedon on behalf of Alexander’s son. On the Macedonian court Eumenes very quickly earned more and more responsibilities and he became a friend of the young Alexander. He was a commander, and Alexander the Great’s private secretary. At one point when Alexander was in need of money to finance a sea expedition under the admiral Nearchus of Crete, he tried to borrow some from his commanders. Eumenes did not get on with Hephaistion, Alexander’s closest friend and second in command, but this does not seem to have affected Eumenes’ relationship with Alexander. ) Well it is murdered was he beaten gave him a noble education Greece in Battle... 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