Herod patronized the Olympic Games, whose president he became. Antipas ruled from Herod the Great’s death in either 4BC or 1 BC 1 until he was deposed by Caligula in AD 39. (8) Mariamne of Jerusalem had a son named Herod or Herod Philip. Antipater. Your Faithlife account signs you in to all our sites. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce). Six years later Mark Antony made him tetrarch of Galilee. He had intended to bestow the Nabataean kingdom on Herod as well, but, by the time that throne fell vacant, Herod’s mental and physical deterioration made it impossible. In fact, Antipater was a rival to the throne. Antipater was imprisoned when his father became convinced Antipater sought to usurp him, and the son was executed five days before his father died from a painful disease. According to Josephus (Ant. Please try again soon. Herod. Josephus also describes the beheading o… He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. After being recognized by Augustus upon the death of his father, Herod the Great, and subsequently by his brother, the ethnarch Herod Archelaus, Antipas officially ruled Galilee and Perea as a client state of the Roman Empire. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. momentarily settled Palestinian affairs, he seems to have entrusted Herod's father, Antipater, with the effective civil government. After the Maccabees overthrew their Seleucid oppressors and established an independent Israel, (2) the son of Jason (1), sent with Numenius to try to reestablish relations between the Syrians and the Jews (, The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5. Antipater (399-319): supreme commander of the Macedonian forces in Europe during the eastern campaign of Alexander the Great, later regent for Alexander's mentally unstable brother Philip III Arridaeus. Corrections? Antipater (also known as Antipas), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. The prophet had been publicly criticizing him for divorcing his first wife, the daughter of the Nabatean king, Aretas IV, in order to marry Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I3 (Mt 14:1-5; Josephus Antiquities 18.5.1). He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. Note that Herod the Great had a father and a grand-father by the name of “ Antipater”. Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. Antipater Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary , the most advanced Bible dictionary. He was poisoned in 43 B.C. Both the emperor and the minister paid him state visits, and Herod twice again visited Italy. He managed to keep hold of his throne in the face of the many changes in the government at Rome. He also embellished foreign cities—Beirut, Damascus, Antioch, Rhodes—and many towns. 0 rating rating ratings . Also Known As: "son of Costobarus & Salome" Birthdate: estimated between 52BCE and 4BCE : Death: Immediate Family: Son of Costobarus, Governor of Idumea & Gaza and Salome Husband of Cypros ., Princess of Judaea Father of Saulos Thaddeus Alexander Herod . Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. Chr.) Palestine during the time of Herod the Great and his sons. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Antipater continued to court Roman support wisely, cannily siding with Julius Caesar rather than his old ally, Pompey, during the Roman civil wars. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod's other sons, Herod restored Antipater to court. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Antipater (ca. Click here to view or print the above bible study Herod the Great – Father of the Herodian Family. He retained this position even when Alexander and Aristobulus(Herod's sons by Mariamne) rose i… Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A Young Herod…this photo of a statue of Herod was found in a Jerusalem dig. Antipater II (ca. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. He was responsible for building projects at Sepphoris and Betharamphtha, and for the construction of his capital Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. momentarily settled Palestinian affairs, he seems to have entrusted Herod's father, Antipater, with the effective civil government. He lived in Rome. Herod made his political debut in the same year, when his father appointed him governor of Galilee. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Octavian, who had met Herod in Rome, knew that he was the one man to rule Palestine as Rome wanted it ruled and confirmed him king. However, he was recalled following Mariamne's fall in 29 BC and in 13 BC Herod made him his first heir in his will. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce ). Named in honour of his … And while there’s a lot of intrigue in Antipater’s story, we’ll just hit the high points so we can get on with the Herods. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Antipater was from Edom. In 43 BCE Antipater was assassinated by a political rival. He allied his family with Rome. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Herod defeated him, and secured the continuity of the line of Hyrcanus by marrying his daughter Mariamme. According to Graves, a pregnant Mary is compelled to pretend to marry an old, pious carpenter, Joseph, to protect herself and the unborn Jesus.. The father of Herod the Great. Share. In 43, Hyrcanus' nephew Antigonus tried to obtain the throne. Yet Antipater schemed to kill his father. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Herod's grandfather and father held prominent political offices in Judea and established close relations with the Romans, the unquestioned world power during that time. The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ( 1 Macc 12:16 ; 14:22 ; Josephus, Antiquities , 13:169 ). Antipater’s rise to power. Antipater was much disliked by most of the Jews of Palestine but managed to remain a leading political figure during the early Roman, All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. Herod the Great was king of Judaea from 37 BCE to 4 BCE, appointed by the Roman Empire after its Senate equipped him with an army to fight off a Parthian invasion. By registering for an account, you agree to Faithlife’s, The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, A family of distinguished Idumean nobility that was converted to Judaism during the Hasmonean period and rose to prominence during the reign of Alexandra Salome. Herod’s father had married into some wealth and nobility. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Herod-king-of-Judaea, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Herod, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Herod, Herod - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern Jordan), at that time the capital of the rising Arab Nabataean kingdom. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce ). Herod was made the Governor of Galilee before his father was assassinated in 43 BCE. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Antipater was born in 399 BCE as the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus. (3) Antipater the father of Herod the Great. ; executed 4 B.C. He also restored to Herod the land Cleopatra had taken. Some time later, we read of the infamous event. Herod, byname Herod the Great, Latin Herodes Magnus, (born 73 bce—died March/April, 4 bce, Jericho, Judaea), Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), who built many fortresses, aqueducts, theatres, and other public buildings and generally raised the prosperity of his land but who was the centre of political and family intrigues in his later years. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Father: Antipater Herod Antipater, better known as Antipas, was granted the right to rule Galilee and Perea. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. Because he trusted Herod, Antony set things in motion to install Herod in Judea in place of its current ruler, Antigonus. He was convicted of high treason and Herod sent a request to Caesar to have him executed. But statues were forbidden Jews and no likenesses were to be used on coins, either. Besides Doris and Mariamne, Herod had eight other wives and had children by six of them. Antipater's son Herod was about 26 years of age at this time and his father made him governor of Galilee. Herod’s Father, Antipater laid the foundations for his Son’s future. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… Herod the Great died of natural causes in 4 BCE. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). His kingdom comprised Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Idumea, Batanea, and Peraea, which was approximately the same size as the kingdom of David and Solomon. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… In fact, Josephus claims that Antipater was co-ruler with no less power than his father, Herod the Great: Antipater was killed by his father five days before Herod's own death according to Josephus. At Herodium in the Judaean desert Herod built a great palace, which archaeologists in 2007 tentatively identified as the site of his tomb. Herod the Great was known for consolidating Roman rule over and advancing the Hellenization of Judaea. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. First, to his niece Mariamne III, daughter of Aristobulus IV (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVII, Chapter 1:2). Antipater was married twice. Herod’s father, Antipater, owed his early power to his Nabataean connections and sponsorship by the Pharisees, a Jewish religious group composed of laymen and scribes who emerged as a distinct party after the Maccabean revolt of 165-160 BC. Unlike Graves, Raymond specifies that Mary was the unnamed daughter of On his deathbed Herod discovered that his eldest son, Antipater, whom Josephus calls a "monster of iniquity", had been plotting against him. was de oudste zoon van Herodes de Grote, het enige kind van zijn eerste vrouw Doris.Hij was vernoemd naar zijn grootvader van vaders kant, Antipater van Idumea.Tussen 43 en 40 v. Chr. He twice increased Herod’s territory, in the years 22 and 20 bce, so that it came to include not only Palestine but parts of what are now the kingdom of Jordan to the east of the river and southern Lebanon and Syria. When he mistakenly thought that Herod had died, he evidenced great joy. He altered his will three times and finally disinherited and killed his firstborn, Antipater. Antipater (ca. Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. He served as a soldier and diplomat under the kings Perdiccas III (365-360) and Philip II (360-336) and seems to have developed a personal interest in the education of the latter's crown prince Alexander. In the end Herod murdered Mariamne, her two sons, her brother, her grandfather, and her mother, a woman of the vilest stamp who had often aided his sister Salome’s schemes. , when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E. ) ; Cypros . Julius Caesar also favoured the family; he appointed Antipater procurator of Judaea in 47 bce and conferred on him Roman citizenship, an honour that descended to Herod and his children. The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. In his own kingdom he could not give full rein to his love of magnificence, for fear of offending the Pharisees, the leading faction of Judaism, with whom he was always in conflict because they regarded him as a foreigner. But then, with Antipater back at court and his mother Doris “back in Mariamne’s bed” and with the re-betrothals more in his favor, Antipater, along with just about everybody at court, now turned their attention to getting rid of his aging father. He married his relative, Herodias, who later divorced him to marry Herod Antipas. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. While Antipas wanted to kill the Baptizer, he feared the people, who revered John as a prophet, and chose to imprison him instead. 2. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Antipater . The father of Herod the Great. Hyrcanus became king, while Antipater acted as the power behind the throne. Updates? Thus, Herod was of Arab origin, although he was a practicing Jew. As a reward, Caesar made Antipater a Roman citizen in 47 BC- and appointed him the Governor of Judea. According to Josephus (Ant. Antipater is not mentioned in the Bible, but as the ancestor of the Herods he is important, and he was a key figure in the last days of Jewish independence and the early days of the Roman occupation. Antipater II c. 46 – 4 BCE Father: Herod the Great Mother: Doris Siblings: (see Herod the Great) Marriages and children: Mariamne III — Phasael IV Unnamed daughter of AnCgonus the Hasmonean Josephus: marry his brother Antipas.JW 1.561 Exiled c. 40 CE upon his mother’s divorce. Antipater was born in 399 BCE as the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus. He had 14 children. Vérifiez les traductions 'Antipater' en Anglais. Orientalist, historian, and lecturer. He was given the title of Tetrarch (“ruler of a quarter”), although he was sometimes known as King Herod, as his father had been (Mk 6:14). Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. 46 v. Chr. Relatives: Father: Antipater, Sons: Archelaus, Antipater, Antipas, Philip, and others; Wives: Doris, Mariamne, and others ; Contemporaries: Zechariah, Elizabeth, Mary, Joseph, Mark Antony, Augustus; More information about Herod the Great can be found in Matthew 2:1-22 and Luke 1:5. He had to repress a revolt, became involved in a quarrel with his Nabataean neighbours, and finally lost the favour of Augustus. Prior to the invasion he had been governor of Galilee since 47 BCE. In 47 BCE Julius Caesar appointed Antipater procurator of Judaea and made him a citizen of Rome. Antipater was from Edom . His mental instability, moreover, was fed by the intrigue and deception that went on within his own family. After the death of his father Antipater, Herod the Great (still governor of Galilee) established a close relationship with Mark Antony—one of the renowned ringleaders of Julius Caesar’s assassination. In 40 bce the Parthians invaded Palestine, civil war broke out, and Herod was forced to flee to Rome. His cause of death is debated, but it is known that he was in both mental and physical disorder in his final years and that he suffered from arteriosclerosis. Looking to help your church and family stay connected to the Word while social distancing?Check out our free church library, church online resources, and family resources. But for fickle fortune, Herod Antipas’s annual Advent vilifications might belong instead to Antipater, who was put to death around this time in 4 BCE by command of his dying father Herod the Great.. Named for his grandfather who founded the Herodian dynasty, Antipater was Herod the Great’s first-born son and for most of the decade preceding his death had been in Herod’s succession plans. Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. In the year 37 bce, at the age of 36, Herod became the unchallenged ruler of Judaea, a position he was to maintain for 32 years. Herod was an Edomite of Arab descent. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… During the conflict between the two triumvirs Octavian and Antony, the heirs to Caesar’s power, Herod supported his friend Antony. Herod at this time changed his will and completely expunged Antipater… They intermarried with Nabateans, Jews, and other nearby ruling families, dominating the political fortunes, 1. 46 BC – 4 BC) was Herod the Great s first born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … See Antipater (disambiguation) for other people of this name. Antipater's life, from the day of his mother's return to favor and of his own recall to the palace of Jerusalem, was one continuous endeavor to supplant in the favor of his father all the other members of the Herodian family, and finally, when this object was well-nigh achieved, to gain possession, through parricide, of the throne of Judea. The Western Wall, in the Old City of Jerusalem, all that remains of the retaining wall surrounding the Temple Mount. was appointed procurator of Judea. Recalled in 29 BCE. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. The story starts with Antipater, the father of Herod. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ... 15:15–24). After an unsuccessful attempt at suicide, Herod died. Antipater is the name of Herod the Great's father 0 rating rating ratings . Herod Antipas is arguably most famous for beheading John the Baptist. He and… He had done much for the Jews, thanks to the favor he had won and kept in spite of all from the successive heads of the Roman state; he had observed the Law publicly -- in fact, as the traditional epigram of Augustus says, "it was better to be Herod's swine than a son of Herod." Author of. Omissions? The slaying, shortly before his death, of the infants of Bethlehem was wholly consistent with the disarray into which he had fallen. J.-C.), fils d'Hérode le Grand et de la Samaritaine Malthacé, sa quatrième femme, est tétrarque de Galilée et de Pérée (région située au nord-est de la mer Morte, à l'est du Jourdain) de 4 av. Hérode Antipas II, ou Hérode Antipater, en hébreu הורדוס אנטיפס, en grec ancien Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, « Hêrôdês Antipatros » (21 av. and Costobaros . Antipater and his sons had to take harsh measures to get the money, and in the ensuing troubles, Antipater was killed. Herod was born 73 BCE as the son of a man from Idumea named Antipater and a woman named Cyprus, the daughter of an Arab sheik. Antipater and his son, Herod, both became friends with Mark Antony during this time. 2. When Pompey (106–48 bce) invaded Palestine in 63 bce, Antipater supported his campaign and began a long association with Rome, from which both he and Herod were to benefit. When Herod heard about it he recalled Antipater from Rome to try him. J.-C.– 39 ap. Recalled in 29 BCE. The great outer court, 35 acres (14 hectares) in extent, is still visible as Al-Ḥaram al-Sharīf. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite. Executed in 4 BCE. J.-C. à 39. In 41 BCE Markus Antonius (Mark Antony) visited Palestine and met Herod. His final testament provided that, subject to Augustus’s sanction, his realm would be divided among his sons: Archelaus should be king of Judaea and Samaria, with Philip and Antipas sharing the remainder as tetrarchs. In 47 B.C.E., when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E.) With Roman help, Herod killed his father's murderer. Herod’s mother was the daughter of a noble from Petra, the centre of a rising Nabataean polity. After Antony’s final defeat at Actium in 31 bce, he frankly confessed to the victorious Octavian which side he had taken. ANTIPATER. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. (first century C.E. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. In Jerusalem he built the fortress of Antonia, portions of which may still be seen beneath the convents on the Via Dolorosa, and a magnificent palace (of which part survives in the citadel). ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his … He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. Antipater was from Edom. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. The Nabateans are known as the civilization which carved the city of Petra out of rock and inhabited it. Augustus gave him the oversight of the Cyprus copper mines, with a half share in the profits. Identified as the civilization which carved the city of Petra out of rock and inhabited it first Doris. Exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription ruler, Antigonus Galilee before his father Antipater... The heirs to Caesar ’ s character that showed itself increasingly as he older... 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